means starting or adding something
good, something the dog likes or
enjoys. Because the dog wants to
gain that good thing again, it will
repeat the behavior that seems to
cause that consequence.
The dolphin gets a fish for doing
a trick. The dog gets a piece of liver
for returning when called. The child gets dessert for eating
This may seem unusual, but start to
reward your dog for doing "nothing",
like lay quietly beside you, or any
calm quiet relaxing behavior. These
will increase and over time, you will
have calmed your dogs behavior
which can make handlind your dog so
much easier. You can also benefit
from practicing calming behavior around
your dog. Hyperactive behavior may
be learned through 'hyperactive' playing
with your puppy. Hyperactivity
may also be caused by reactions to
some foods or food additives.
All dog behavior is in a state
of constant change. So after you have
taught your dog a wanted behavior,
you need to reinforce that behavior
once in a while to keep it as you
want it, otherwise it may start to
change. It is always better to reward wanted
The use of different rewards to vary
the reinforcement your dog earns is
a powerful tool in increasing wanted
If dog behavior increases when
followed by the removal of something
- threatening objects, loud noises,
choke-chains, stop the ear pinch,
we call this negative reinforcement.
Dominant aggressive dog behavior is negative reinforcement.
Moving away and avoiding the dog owner
is often a dogs negative reinforcement
to a perceived threat.
Dog behaviors are usually motivated
by the expectation for some reward,
and even with a punishment, the motivation
of the reward is often still there.
The timing of a positive punishment
must be exquisite. It must correspond
exactly with the behavior for it to
have an effect. If you catch your
dog chewing on the furniture and you
hit him when he comes to you, you
are suppressing coming to you.
Punishments never should be associated
with the person supplying them, but
with the “punishing object”.
The dog what was hit after chewing
on the furniture may still chew on
the furniture, but he certainly will not
do it when you are around!
Better moisten your furniture with
vinegar, dogs hate this taste. See
to stop unwanted behavior
Punishment and corrections
If you apply any negative or punishing
corrections, you start to destroy
the bond between you and your dog.
The use of punishment to stop unwanted
dog behavior does nothing to address the
cause of the behavior; it does however
suppress the dogs behavior. Ever increasing
levels of punishment may be needed
to maintain that suppression. Remove
the cause of the unwanted dog behavior
not the symptoms.
Another risk of punishment is that
of 'displacement' behavior, usually
this is far worse than the behavior
being punished, and it is unpredictable.
Moreover, punishment can increase
fear and cause aggressive and dominant dog behavior.